Charlotte, North Carolina - Basic Facts

Charlotte is the common name for the community and surrounding area while the formal official name is the City of Charlotte.

It is an incorporated place (Class Code P1) located in Mecklenburg County at latitude 35.2271 and longitude -80.8431. Mecklenburg County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 761 feet.

The formal boundaries for the City of Charlotte (see map) encompass a land area of 303.45 sq. miles and a water area of 2.02 sq. miles.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Charlotte: Charlottesburg, Charlottesburgh.

Camera Icon Photos of the local Charlotte, NC area

Also See: Charlotte, NC ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps

Charlotte, NC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 770,251
Population in Households 756,525
Population in Familes 576,703
Population in Group Qrtrs 13,726
Population Density1 2,588
Diversity Index2 73


Total Households 305,391
Average Household Size 2.48
Family Households 182,695
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 337,490 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 167,180 (49.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 138,211 (41.0%)
Vacant Housing Units 32,099 ( 9.5%)
Median Home Value $215,349
Average Home Value $297,958


Median Household Income $51,800
Average Household Income $76,284
Per Capita Income $30,353
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


Population 1.22% 1.79%
Households 1.24% 1.82%
Families 0.96% 1.67%
Median Household Income   2.26%
Per Capita Income   2.29%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Charlotte, NC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Charlotte to the other 739 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in North Carolina by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable DescriptionRankPercentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density1 # 10 99th
Diversity Index2 # 46 94th
Median Household Income # 153 79th
Per Capita Income # 88 88th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE North Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool.