Buncombe County NC Information


Buncombe County Subdivisions

Buncombe County NC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 274,064 (100%)
Population in Households 266,391 (97.2%)
Population in Families 199,735 (72.9%)
Population in Group Quarters1 7,673 ( 2.8%)
Population Density 417
Diversity Index2 35


Median Household Income $55,051
Average Household Income $79,523
% of Income for Mortgage4 19%
Per Capita Income $33,654
Wealth Index5 87


Total HU (Housing Units) 131,521 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 73,252 (55.7%)
Renter Occupied HU 42,349 (32.2%)
Vacant Housing Units 15,920 (12.1%)
Median Home Value $245,154
Average Home Value $305,985
Housing Affordability Index3 129


Total Households 115,601
Average Household Size 2.3
Family Households 69,072
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population 1.37% 1.31%
Households 1.38% 1.33%
Families 1.21% 1.22%
Median Household Income   1.24%
Per Capita Income   2.05%
Owner Occupied HU   1.2%


Buncombe County NC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Buncombe County to the other 100 counties and county equivalents in North Carolina by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 7 94th
Population Density # 10 91st
Median Household Income # 21 80th
Housing Affordability Index # 8 8th
Per Capita Income # 13 88th
Diversity Index # 76 25th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE North Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool.

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  5. See the North Carolina COVID-19 Data and US COVID-19 Data for more information on the spread of the novel coronavirus.