Elkin, NC Profile: Facts & Data

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Elkin, North Carolina - Basic Facts

The Town of Elkin had a population of 3,985 as of July 1, 2019.

The primary coordinate point for Elkin is located at latitude 36.2443 and longitude -80.8484 in Surry County. The formal boundaries for the Town of Elkin encompass a land area of 6.7 sq. miles and a water area of 0.08 sq. miles. Surry County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 896 feet.

While the primary coordinates for Town of Elkin are located in Surry County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and Wilkes County.

The Town of Elkin (GNIS ID: 2406436) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The Town of Elkin is located within Township of Elkin, a minor civil division (MCD) of Surry County.


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  1. Elkin 2019 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Elkin (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. North Carolina Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. North Carolina Data Comparison Tool - 2019 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2019, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


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Elkin, NC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2019)

HOUSING AFFORDABILITY INDEX

Elkin, NC Housing Affordability Index is 162
State of North Carolina Housing Affordability Index is 140
The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.

WEALTH INDEX

Elkin, NC Wealth Index is 72
State of North Carolina Wealth Index is 84
The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

These new demographic attributes are availiable for Neighborhoods, Cities, Counties, and ZIP Codes.

More Tools and Resources:

  1. For information about schools and school attendance zones, use the HTL Address Tool
  2. Our new HTL Neighborhood Explorer provides lots of detail about any neighborhood.
  3. The new 2-Minute Introduction and Concise Guide to Big Data which will help you make the most effective use of HomeTownLocator Tools.
  4. See the References & Data Sources page for more information about methodology and sources of data.
  5. See the North Carolina COVID-19 Data and US COVID-19 Data for more information on the spread of the novel coronavirus.

POPULATION

Total Population 3,985 (100%)
Population in Households 3,807 (95.5%)
Population in Families 2,989 (75.0%)
Population in Group Quarters1 178 ( 4.5%)
Population Density 589
Diversity Index2 55
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $46,875
Average Household Income $66,143
Per Capita Income $27,169
Wealth Index4 72

HOUSING

Total Housing Units 1,991 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 1,030 (51.7%)
Renter Occupied HU 630 (31.6%)
Vacant Housing Units 332 (16.7%)
Median Home Value $150,377
Housing Affordability Index3 162
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 1,659
Average Household Size 2.29
Family Households 1,002
Average Family Size 3
NOTES
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

GROWTH RATE / YEAR

2010-2019 2019-2024
Population -0.05% -0.14%
Households -0.14% -0.22%
Families -0.32% -0.3%
Median Household Income   1.73%
Per Capita Income   2.06%

Elkin, NC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elkin to the other 739 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in North Carolina by rank and percentile using July 1, 2019 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 201 73rd
Population Density # 413 44th
Diversity Index # 284 62nd
Median Household Income # 359 52nd
Per Capita Income # 266 64th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE North Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool.

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