Elkin, NC Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Elkin, North Carolina - Basic Facts

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The Town of Elkin had a population of 3,965 as of July 1, 2017.

The primary coordinate point for Elkin is located at latitude 36.2634 and longitude -80.8471 in Surry County. The formal boundaries for the Town of Elkin (see map below) encompass a land area of 6.7 sq. miles and a water area of 0.08 sq. miles. Surry County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 896 feet.

While the primary coordinates for Town of Elkin are located in Surry County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into and Wilkes County.

The Town of Elkin (GNIS ID: 2406436) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The Town of Elkin is located within Township of Elkin, a minor civil division (MCD) of Surry County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Elkin population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

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Town of Elkin, NC Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Township of Elkin | Surry County | North Carolina Counties

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Elkin, NC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 3,965
Daytime Population: Workers 5,289
Daytime Population: Residents 2,473
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 7,762
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.96
Population in Households 3,760
Population in Familes 2,950
Population in Group Qrtrs 205
Population Density2 592
Diversity Index3 54


Median Household Income $42,457
Average Household Income $60,458
Per Capita Income $25,848


Total Housing Units 1,994 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 934 (46.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 712 (35.7%)
Vacant Housing Units 347 (17.4%)
Median Home Value $162,586
Average Home Value $192,524


Total Households 1,647
Average Household Size 2.28
Family Households 995
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population -0.13% -0.27%
Households -0.28% -0.33%
Families -0.5% -0.45%
Median Household Income   3.49%
Per Capita Income   3.36%

Elkin, NC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elkin to the other 739 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in North Carolina by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 192 74th
Population Density # 406 45th
Diversity Index # 289 61st
Median Household Income # 340 54th
Per Capita Income # 247 67th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE North Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool.

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