Gastonia, NC Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Gastonia, North Carolina - Basic Facts

The City of Gastonia had a population of 76,663 as of July 1, 2017. Gastonia ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in North Carolina. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Gastonia is located at latitude 35.2499 and longitude -81.1861 in Gaston County. The formal boundaries for the City of Gastonia (see map below) encompass a land area of 51.56 sq. miles and a water area of 0.23 sq. miles. Gaston County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 804 feet.

The City of Gastonia (GNIS ID: 2403684) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Gastonia is located within Township of Gastonia, a minor civil division (MCD) of Gaston County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Gastonia population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

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City of Gastonia, NC Boundary Map

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Gastonia, NC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 76,663
Daytime Population: Workers 45,175
Daytime Population: Residents 41,666
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 86,841
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.13
Population in Households 74,940
Population in Familes 60,223
Population in Group Qrtrs 1,723
Population Density2 1,487
Diversity Index3 64


Median Household Income $41,705
Average Household Income $60,657
Per Capita Income $24,018


Total Housing Units 33,325 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 15,624 (46.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 13,936 (41.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 3,765 (11.3%)
Median Home Value $140,152
Average Home Value $175,104


Total Households 29,560
Average Household Size 2.54
Family Households 19,451
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.83% 0.8%
Households 0.78% 0.79%
Families 0.52% 0.68%
Median Household Income   1.38%
Per Capita Income   2.18%

Gastonia, NC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Gastonia to the other 739 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in North Carolina by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 13 98th
Population Density # 86 88th
Diversity Index # 124 83rd
Median Household Income # 363 51st
Per Capita Income # 305 59th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE North Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool.

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