Gastonia, NC Profile: Facts & Data


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Gastonia, North Carolina - Basic Facts

The City of Gastonia had a population of 78,760 as of July 1, 2018. Gastonia ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in North Carolina. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Gastonia is located at latitude 35.2499 and longitude -81.1861 in Gaston County. The formal boundaries for the City of Gastonia (see map below) encompass a land area of 51.56 sq. miles and a water area of 0.23 sq. miles. Gaston County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 804 feet.

The City of Gastonia (GNIS ID: 2403684) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Gastonia is located within Township of Gastonia, a minor civil division (MCD) of Gaston County.

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  1. Gastonia 2018 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Gastonia (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. North Carolina Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. North Carolina Data Comparison Tool - 2018 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2018, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


Gastonia, NC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 78,760
Population in Households 77,002
Population in Familes 62,252
Population in Group Qrtrs 1,758
Population Density2 1,528
Diversity Index3 64


Median Household Income $45,653
Average Household Income $63,522
Per Capita Income $25,060


Total Housing Units 33,824 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 16,268 (48.1%)
Renter Occupied HU 13,998 (41.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 3,558 (10.5%)
Median Home Value $143,648
Average Home Value $179,337


Total Households 30,266
Average Household Size 2.54
Family Households 19,935
Average Family Size 3
  1. Demographics are point estimates for July 1st of the current year and each for the forecast years. See References for more information.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2018 2018-2023
Population 1.06% 1.07%
Households 0.98% 1.02%
Families 0.76% 0.95%
Median Household Income   2.41%
Per Capita Income   2.22%

Gastonia, NC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Gastonia to the other 739 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in North Carolina by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 13 98th
Population Density # 83 89th
Diversity Index # 122 84th
Median Household Income # 322 57th
Per Capita Income # 313 58th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE North Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool.

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