Elizabeth City, NC Profile: Facts & Data


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Elizabeth City, North Carolina - Basic Facts

The City of Elizabeth City had a population of 18,445 as of July 1, 2020. Elizabeth City ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in North Carolina. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Elizabeth City is located at latitude 36.2946 and longitude -76.251 in Pasquotank County. The formal boundaries for the City of Elizabeth City encompass a land area of 11.17 sq. miles and a water area of 0.62 sq. miles. Pasquotank County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 3 feet.

The City of Elizabeth City (GNIS ID: 2403551) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Elizabeth City is located within Township of Mount Hermon, a minor civil division (MCD) of Pasquotank County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Elizabeth City: Elizabethtown, Reading, Redding.


Elizabeth City, NC Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 18,445 (100%)
Population in Households 17,229 (93.4%)
Population in Families 13,488 (73.1%)
Population in Group Quarters1 1,216 ( 6.6%)
Population Density 1,578
Diversity Index2 64


Median Household Income $40,755
Average Household Income $57,083
% of Income for Mortgage4 15%
Per Capita Income $22,213
Wealth Index5 47


Total HU (Housing Units) 8,639 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 3,208 (37.1%)
Renter Occupied HU 4,092 (47.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,339 (15.5%)
Median Home Value $143,516
Average Home Value $167,784
Housing Affordability Index3 162


Total Households 7,300
Average Household Size 2.36
Family Households 4,564
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population -0.02% 0.28%
Households 0.52% 0.37%
Families 0.74% 0.28%
Median Household Income   1.09%
Per Capita Income   1.7%
Owner Occupied HU   0.32%


Elizabeth City, NC - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elizabeth City to the other 739 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in North Carolina by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 53 93rd
Population Density # 79 89th
Median Household Income # 495 33rd
Housing Affordability Index # 199 27th
Per Capita Income # 484 35th
Diversity Index # 138 81st

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE North Carolina Census Data Comparison Tool.

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